September 2016 The objectives of this proposal are 1) To determine the temperature and relative humidity optima for Guignardia citricarpa pycnidiospore infection and production on citrus twigs, leaf litter, and fruit; 2) To determine the relative potential of Guignardia citricarpa to form pycnidiospores on citrus twigs, leaf litter, and fruit; 3) To determine whether Guignardia citricarpa can survive and reproduce on citrus debris on grove equipment. Experiments to confirm initial relative humidity findings continue. After the inconclusive results of the second experiment, we started a third experiment. We used fresh cultures to ensure better pycnidia performance. The results were gathered at 5 weeks post-inoculation but again the results were inconclusive because a mistake was made in the incubation conditions by a new employee. We have not repeated this experiment again at this point but plan to. In the mean time, we have been working on the experimental design for the larger experiment. It will be an unbalanced complete block design because we do not have the number of incubators to run all temperatures at once. A site has been found to conduct field experiments of inoculum potential and preliminary work is continuing. We have improved our method of collection of conidia from twigs. Collection continues at two week intervals. We have settled on a way to sample the twigs in an unbiased, yet manageable method, for DNA extraction and have begun processing the samples. Experiments were started to look at the effect of temperature on the level of sporulation of P. citricarpa. It can be quite difficult to get consistent sporulation even under controlled conditions. The temperatures that are being tested 15, 20, 24, 28, 32, and 36C. After incubation in complete darkness to avoid the confounding effects of light, it was found for 5 isolates that 24C was the best temperature for sporulation (P < 0.05) followed by 28C. The experiment is being repeated. Work on the effect of FDACS recommended disinfectants (200 ppm bleach or 2000 ppm quaternary ammonium) on conidia germination was conducted. Effective concentrations to inhibit either 50% or 90% of conidia germination for 2 quat products, Canker Solve and C-Quat, and bleach. were found to be well below 5 ppm for all products. Bleach was about ten times more effective but is not as stable as quat. The disinfectants have been preliminarily evaluated in the presence of finely ground plant debris (twigs and leaves as would be found on mowers or hedgers). The low concentrations of 20 ppm of quat have not been found to be effective in the presence of debris and an expanded concentration range is being explored to further evaluate the effect of debris.